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Table 3 Sources of dietary sugars and ovarian cancer risk in the NJ ovarian cancer study

From: Sugary food and beverage consumption and epithelial ovarian cancer risk: a population-based case–control study

Sources of dietary sugars Cases (n=205) Controls (n=390) OR1 95% CI OR2 95% CI
Total sugary foods & drinks (servings/1000 kcal)      
Continuous (per serving)    1.15 (1.02-1.31) 1.05 (0.90-1.22)
 <4.14 50 (24.4) 130 (33.3) 1.00   1.00  
 4.14-5.37 74 (36.1) 130 (33.3) 1.45 (0.91-2.29) 1.25 (0.73-2.16)
 >5.37 81 (39.5) 130 (33.3) 1.74 (1.10-2.74) 1.25 (0.73-2.17)
 p trend     0.02   0.46
Dessert foods (servings/1000 kcal)       
 Continuous (per serving)   1.05 (0.87-1.27) 0.94 (0.75-1.17)  
 <0.35 68 (33.2) 132 (33.9) 1.00   1.00  
 0.35-0.80 66 (32.2) 128 (32.8) 0.99 (0.64-1.54) 0.92 (0.55-1.56)
 >0.80 71 (34.6) 130 (33.3) 1.24 (0.79-1.94) 1.04 (0.61-1.76)
 p trend     0.29   0.81
Non-dessert foods (servings/1000 kcal)       
 Continuous (per serving)   1.10 (0.95-1.29) 1.02 (0.85-1.23)  
 <3.21 52 (25.4) 132 (33.9) 1.00   1.00  
 3.21-4.20 73 (35.6) 128 (32.8) 1.47 (0.93-2.31) 1.30 (0.76-2.22)
 >4.20 80 (39.0) 130 (33.3) 1.58 (1.01-2.48) 1.31 (0.77-2.24)
 p trend     0.05   0.35
Sugary drinks (servings/1000 kcal)       
 Continuous (per serving)   1.53 (0.96-2.44) 1.63 (0.94-2.83)  
 <0.03 62 (30.2) 130 (33.3) 1.00   1.00  
 0.03-0.21 64 (31.2) 129 (33.1) 0.91 (0.59-1.44) 0.83 (0.48-1.41)
 >0.21 79 (38.5) 131 (33.6) 1.17 (0.76-1.82) 1.09 (0.65-1.84)
 p trend     0.30   0.47
Total sugars (g/1000 kcal)       
 Continuous (per 5g)    1.04 (1.00-1.08) 1.03 (0.99-1.08)
 <49.33 68 (33.2) 129 (33.1) 1.00   1.00  
 49.33-69.61 70 (34.2) 130 (33.3) 1.19 (0.77-1.84) 1.32 (0.78-2.25)
 >69.61 67 (32.7) 131 (33.6) 1.31 (0.84-2.04) 1.13 (0.66-1.94)
 p trend     0.24   0.69
Added sugars (g/1000 kcal)       
 Continuous (per 5g)    1.07 (1.01-1.13) 1.04 (0.97-1.11)
 <18.63 61 (31.2) 129 (33.1) 1.00   1.00  
 18.63-29.59 65 (33.2) 131 (33.6) 1.01 (0.64-1.59) 1.03 (0.59-1.77)
 >29.59 79 (35.6) 130 (33.3) 1.35 (0.87-2.09) 1.05 (0.61-1.79)
 p trend     0.16   0.87
% Kcal from sweets       
 <8.10 58 (28.3) 127 (32.6) 1.00   1.00  
 8.10-15.10 63 (30.7) 127 (32.6) 1.11 (0.70-1.76) 0.84 (0.49-1.46)
 >15.10 84 (41.0) 136 (34.9) 1.40 (0.89-2.19) 1.10 (0.63-1.92)
 p trend     0.13   0.57
  1. OR: Odds Ratio, CI: Confidence Interval.
  2. OR1: adjusted for age (continuous), daily caloric intake (continuous).
  3. OR2: additionally adjusted for education (high school or less, college, graduate school), race (White, Black, Other, Hispanic), age at menarche (continuous), menopausal status (premenopausal, postmenopausal) and age at menopause for postmenopausal women (<40, 42-54, ≥ 55, unknown), parity (0-1, 2, 3-4), oral contraceptive use (ever, never), HRT use (never, unopposed estrogen only, any combined HRT), tubal ligation (no, yes), BMI (continuous), smoking status (never, past, current) and pack-years for ever smokers (continuous), and physical activity (METs for reported average hours per week of moderate or strenuous recreational activities).