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Table 3 Human values for dissemination rate

From: Detection of cancer before distant metastasis

Publication Cancer N Diameter (mm) Disseminated cells a Rdiss(CTC/h · g)b
Glaves 1988 [44] Renal 15 5-10 890 78 · 103
Wind 2009 [45]c Colon 13 4.1 ± 1.4 0.05 90
Wind 2009 [45]d Colon 18 5.0 ± 2.3 3.2 3.1 · 103
  1. a mean CTC/mL tumor efferent blood, b for spherical tumor, c laparoscopic surgery, d open surgery.