Skip to main content

Table 4 Impact of patient characteristics and treatment modality on the cause of death (n = 40)

From: Brain metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma: clinical features and prognostic factors

  Cause of death  
Variables Neurological (n = 23) Systemic
(n = 17)
P-value
Lung metastasis   0.026
   Yes 14 16  
   No 9 1  
Extracranial metastasis   0.107
   Yes 16 16  
   No 7 1  
Brain hemorrhage 0.538
   Yes 12 7  
   No 11 10  
Number of BM    0.337
   1 15 8  
   ≥ 2 8 9  
RPA class    < 0.0001
   I or II 8 16  
   III 15 1  
Treatment for BM   0.024
   Steroid only 17 6  
   Surgery or WBRT and/or SRS 6 11