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Table 1 Demographic and baseline characteristics of 194 patients

From: Additional diagnostic value of tumor markers in cytological fluid for diagnosis of non-small-cell lung cancer

Characteristics All (n=194) Malignant (n=139) Benign (n=55) p-value
Sex     0.811
Male 128(65.9) 91(65.5) 37(67.2)  
Female 66(34.1) 48(34.5) 18(32.8)  
Age (years) a 63.7±10.4 64.6±10.1 62.7±11.6 0.236
Lesion Size (mm) a 30.9±17.8 32.2±21.2 27.8±14.9 0.162
Location     0.385
Upper/Middle lobe 129(66.5) 95(68.3) 34(61.8)  
Lower lobe 65(33.5) 44(31.7) 21(38.2)  
Method     0.039
CT-guidence 142(73.1) 96 (69.1) 46(83.6)  
Fluoro-guidence 52(26.9) 43(30.9) 9(16.4)  
Past history     
Smoking 104(53.6) 74 (53.2) 30(54.5) 0.869
Hypertension 85(43.8) 59(42.4) 26(47.2) 0.283
Diabetes 25(12.8) 20(14.3) 5(9.1) 0.321
Pulmonary Tuberculosis 30(15.4) 16(11.5) 14(25.4) 0.015
  1. Note-Values in parentheses are percentages. aData are presented as mean ± standard deviation.