Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Figure 15 | BMC Cancer

Figure 15

From: Systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence in the 1900s relating smoking to lung cancer

Figure 15

Forest plot of ex smoking of any product and all lung cancer – part 1. Table 12 presents the results of a main meta-analysis for all lung cancer based on 182 relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) estimates for ex smoking of any product (or cigarettes if any product not available). The individual study estimates are shown numerically and graphically on a logarithmic scale in Figures 15, 16, 17. The studies are sorted in order of sex within study reference (REF) within start year of study (START) within continent (CONT). In the graphical representation individual RRs are indicated by a solid square, with the area of the square proportional to the weight (inverse-variance of log RR). Arrows indicate where the CI extends outside the range allocated. For studies DORGAN and KELLER separate estimates, within sex, are shown for whites then blacks. For study HUMBLE they are shown for non-hispanic whites then Hispanics. For study KELLER the estimate shown for females is for whites.

Back to article page