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Figure 13 | BMC Cancer

Figure 13

From: Systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence in the 1900s relating smoking to lung cancer

Figure 13

Forest plot of current smoking of any product and squamous. Table 8 presents the results of a main meta-analysis for squamous based on 41 relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) estimates for current smoking of any product (or cigarettes if any product not available). The individual study estimates are shown numerically and graphically on a logarithmic scale. The studies are sorted in order of sex within study reference (REF) within start year of study (START) within continent (CONT). In the graphical representation individual RRs are indicated by a solid square, with the area of the square proportional to the weight (inverse-variance of log RR). Arrows indicate where the CI extends outside the range allocated. Also shown are the combined random-effect estimates. These are represented by a diamond of standard height, with the width indicating the 95% CI.

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