Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Figure 10 | BMC Cancer

Figure 10

From: Systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence in the 1900s relating smoking to lung cancer

Figure 10

Forest plot of current smoking of any product and all lung cancer – part 1. Table 8 presents the results of a main meta-analysis for all lung cancer based on 195 relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) estimates for current smoking of any product (or cigarettes if any product not available). The individual study estimates are shown numerically and graphically on a logarithmic scale in Figures 10, 11, 12. The studies are sorted in order of sex within study reference (REF) within start year of study (START) within continent (CONT). In the graphical representation individual RRs are indicated by a solid square, with the area of the square proportional to the weight (inverse-variance of log RR). Arrows indicate where the CI extends outside the range allocated. For study DORGAN separate estimates, within sex, are shown for whites then blacks. For study HUMBLE they are shown for non-hispanic whites then hispanics, and for study SCHWAR for whites then non-whites.

Back to article page