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Figure 1 | BMC Cancer

Figure 1

From: Systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence in the 1900s relating smoking to lung cancer

Figure 1

Forest plot of ever smoking of any product and all lung cancer – part 1. Table 5 presents the results of a main meta-analysis for all lung cancer based on 328 relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) estimates for ever smoking of any product (or cigarettes if any product not available). The individual study estimates are shown numerically and graphically on a logarithmic scale in Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. The studies are sorted in order of sex within study reference (REF) within start year of study (START) within continent (CONT), with the exception of study LIU4 shown at the end of Figure 5. In the graphical representation individual RRs are indicated by a solid square, with the area of the square proportional to the weight (inverse-variance of log RR). Arrows indicate where the CI extends outside the range allocated.

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