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Table 6 Studies reporting anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in cancer-free men in Europea

From: Estimation of the epidemiological burden of human papillomavirus-related cancers and non-malignant diseases in men in Europe: a review

Author, year Country Population Sample size Sampling techniques and detection methods HPV (%)
      Any 95%CI
Van der Snoek, 2003 [40] The
Netherlands
MSM
HIV+ and HIV-
258
(17 HIV+, 241 HIV-)
Swabs
PCR + LiPA
64.7 (HIV+)
32.8 (HIV-)
(38.33-85.79)
(27.06-38.94)
Pierangeli, 2008 [56] Italy MSM and
HS (HIV+ and HIV-)
61
(36 HIV+,
25 HIV-)
Anal brushing
PCR
81.6 (HIV+)
68.0 (HIV-)
(63.98-91.81)
(46.50-85.05)
Sirera, 2006 [52] Spain HIV+ men
(MSM and HS)
74
(52 MSM
22 HS)
Cytobrush
PCR
82.6 (MSM)
68.2 (HS)
(69.67-91.77)
(45.13-86.14)
Piketty, 2003 [51] France HIV+ men
(MSM and HSiDU)
118
(67 MSM, 50 HSiDU)
Swabs
PCR
85.1(MSM)
46.0 (HSiDU)
(74.26-92.60)
(31.81-60.68)
Van Doornum, 1994 [49] The
Netherlands
STD clinic attendees 85 Cotton swabs or wooden spatula 15.3 (8.40-24.73)
Löwhagen, 1999 [50] Sweden STD clinic attendees (HIV+ and HIV- MSM) 30
(17 HIV+,
13 HIV-)
Cotton swabs
PCR
76.7
94.1 (HIV+)
53.8 (HIV-)
(61.5-91.8)
(82.9-100.0)
(26.7-80.9)
  1. CI confidence interval, MSM men who have sex with men, STD sexually transmitted disease, HS heterosexual, HSiDU heterosexual intravenous drug user, STD sexually transmitted disease
  2. a 26 European countries