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Table 6 Studies reporting anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in cancer-free men in Europea

From: Estimation of the epidemiological burden of human papillomavirus-related cancers and non-malignant diseases in men in Europe: a review

Author, year Country Population Sample size Sampling techniques and detection methods HPV (%)
      Any 95%CI
Van der Snoek, 2003 [40] The Netherlands MSM HIV+ and HIV- 258 (17 HIV+, 241 HIV-) Swabs PCR + LiPA 64.7 (HIV+) 32.8 (HIV-) (38.33-85.79) (27.06-38.94)
Pierangeli, 2008 [56] Italy MSM and HS (HIV+ and HIV-) 61 (36 HIV+, 25 HIV-) Anal brushing PCR 81.6 (HIV+) 68.0 (HIV-) (63.98-91.81) (46.50-85.05)
Sirera, 2006 [52] Spain HIV+ men (MSM and HS) 74 (52 MSM 22 HS) Cytobrush PCR 82.6 (MSM) 68.2 (HS) (69.67-91.77) (45.13-86.14)
Piketty, 2003 [51] France HIV+ men (MSM and HSiDU) 118 (67 MSM, 50 HSiDU) Swabs PCR 85.1(MSM) 46.0 (HSiDU) (74.26-92.60) (31.81-60.68)
Van Doornum, 1994 [49] The Netherlands STD clinic attendees 85 Cotton swabs or wooden spatula 15.3 (8.40-24.73)
Löwhagen, 1999 [50] Sweden STD clinic attendees (HIV+ and HIV- MSM) 30 (17 HIV+, 13 HIV-) Cotton swabs PCR 76.7 94.1 (HIV+) 53.8 (HIV-) (61.5-91.8) (82.9-100.0) (26.7-80.9)
  1. CI confidence interval, MSM men who have sex with men, STD sexually transmitted disease, HS heterosexual, HSiDU heterosexual intravenous drug user, STD sexually transmitted disease
  2. a 26 European countries