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Table 5 Studies reporting head and neck human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in cancer-free men in Europea

From: Estimation of the epidemiological burden of human papillomavirus-related cancers and non-malignant diseases in men in Europe: a review

Author, year, country Sample types Population Sample size Age (years) Sampling techniques and detection methods HPV (%)
       Any 95%CI High-risk 95%CI
Montaldo 2007
Italy [48]
Saliva Odonto-
stomatology attendees, non-diseased for oral pathology
69 4-77 Specimen
PCR
ND   14.5 (7.17-
25.04)
Kujan 2006
UK [47]
Three different sites in the oral cavity Healthy volunteers 26 > 18 Brushing
PCR
ND   3.8 (0.10-
19.64)
Rintala 2005
Finland [46]
Oral mucosa Husbands of pregnant women (Finnish Family Study) 131   Brushing
nested PCR
18 (11.5-24.5)   
Eike 1995
Denmark [44]
Oral mucosa Patients with unrelated diseases and their relatives 31 20-79 Smear
PCR
0   0  
Van Doornum, 1992 [45] Tongue and buccal mucosa Men with multiple heterosexual partners 65 mean age: 38 Swabs
PCR
0   0  
  1. ND no data, CI confidence interval
  2. a 26 European countries