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Table 3 Joinpoint analysis of age-adjusted mortality rates per 100 000, AYAs aged 15–39 years in Western Australia, 1982–2005

From: Cancer incidence and mortality trends in Australian adolescents and young adults, 1982–2007

  Mortality rates, Males Mortality rates, Females
  Trend 1 Trend 1 Trend 2
Diagnostic Groups Period APC 95% CI Period APC 95% CI Period APC 95% CI
All Tumours 82 − 05 −2.6* (-3.3; -2.0) 82 − 05 −4.6* (-5.1; -4.1)   
Leukaemia 82 − 05 −3.6* (-5.9; -1.2) 82 − 05 −3.8* (-6.1; -1.5)   
   Myeloid 82 − 05 −5.6* (-8.0; -3.1) 82 − 05 −5.0* (-8.3; -1.6)   
   Lymphocytic 82 − 05 1.6 (-1.5; 4.8) 82 − 05 −2.2 (-5.3; -0.9)   
Lymphoma a 82 − 05 −5.4* (-7.4; -3.4) 82 − 05 −4.9* (-7.7; -2.0)   
   NHL 82 − 05 −4.8* (-7.1; -2.5) 82 − 05 −4.5* (-7.3; -1.7)   
CNS 82 − 05 −3.1* (-4.8; -1.4) 82 − 05 −4.6* (-6.9; -2.1)   
Bone 82 − 05 −1.8 (-5.0; 1.5) 82 − 05 4.3* (-0.4; 9.2)   
Soft Tissue 82 − 05 −4.7* (-7.6; 1.8) 82 − 05 −3.7* (-7.0; -0.2)   
Germ Cell a 82 − 05 −8.2* (-10.5;-5.8) 82 − 05 −1.3 (-6.1; 3.6)   
   Gonadal 82 − 05 −7.7* (-10.3;-5.1)     
Melanoma 82 − 05 −5.5* (-7.5; -3.4) 82 − 05 −10.9* (-13.5;-8.2)   
Carcinoma a 82 − 05 −2.4* (-3.4; -1.5) 82 − 96 −3.0* (-4.2; -1.7) 96 − 05 −8.2* (-10.7; -5.5)
   Breast na na 82 − 96 −3.0* (-4.2; -1.3) 96 − 05 −14.4* (-18.4; -9.9)
   Colon & Rectum 82 − 05 −2.1* (-4.0; -0.1) 82 − 05 −2.3* (-3.7;-0.8)   
   Ovary na na 82 − 05 −2.6 (-5.5; -0.5)   
   Lung 82 − 05 −2.8* (-5.2; -0.3) 82 − 05 −0.9* (-1.3; 3.1)   
   Cervix Uteri na na 82 − 05 −6.8* (-8.2; -5.3)   
   Lip & Oral Cavity 82 − 05 −3.4* (-5.5; -1.3)     
  1. * The annual percentage change (APC) is statistically significantly different from 0 (p < 0.05).
  2. a Data for HL, non-gonadal germ cells and thyroid cancers and lip/oral in females were not reported due to low effective sample size less than 95% CI, 95% confidence interval.