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Table 2 Comparison of cancer treatment given, recurrence, time to death and cause of death, by Indigenous status

From: A study of head and neck cancer treatment and survival among indigenous and non-indigenous people in Queensland, Australia, 1998 to 2004

  Indigenous
N = 67
N (%)
Non-Indigenous
N = 62
N (%)
P value
Any Treatment Given    
Treatment 50 (75) 59 (95)  
No Treatment 15 (22) 3 (5) 0.005
Not sure 2 (3) 0  
Curative treatment given * N = 59 N = 53  
Curative treatment 28 (48) 40 (76) 0.002
No curative treatment 31 (52) 13 (24)  
Mode of curative treatment *    
Surgery only 10(36) 4 (10)  
Chemotherapy only 1 (4) 0  
Radiotherapy only 5 (18) 4 (10) 0.03
Surgery and radiotherapy 7 (25) 16 (40)  
Surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy 0 4 (10)  
Chemoradiotherapy 5 (18) 12 (30)  
Recurrence N = 67 N = 62  
Recurrence recorded 13 (19) 14 (23)  
No recurrence 49 (73) 45 (72) 0.77
Not enough information 5 (8) 3 (5)  
Time from diagnosis to death    
Alive at 31st Dec 2006 14 (21) 30 (48)  
Deceased in < 3 months 14 (21) 4 (7)  
Deceased 3 month to 12 months 21 (31) 10 (16) 0.003
Deceased 12 months to 2 years 11 (17) 8 (13)  
Deceased greater than 2 years 7 (10) 10 (16)  
Cause of death N = 53 N = 32  
Cancer death 44 (83) 29 (91) 0.33
Non cancer death 9 (17) 3 (9)  
  1. *Metastatic cases excluded