Skip to main content

Table 2 Knowledge about cancer and colorectal cancer

From: Knowledge and attitudes of primary healthcare patients regarding population-based screening for colorectal cancer

Questions Answers Total % (N = 625) Women % (N = 361) Men % (N = 261) p
There are many types of cancer Trae 94.3 95.0 93.5 0.729
  False 0.3 0.3 0.4  
  I don't know 5.3 4.8 6.2  
Some cancers can be cured Trae 93.2 93.8 92.3 0.617
  False 3.4 2.8 4.2  
  I don't know 3.4 3.4 3.5  
Cancer is a fatal disease Trae 27.9 27.0 29.1 0.801
  False 65.4 65.9 64.7  
  I don't know 6.7 7.1 6.2  
Many cancer cases could be avoided by doing more exercise Trae 45.1 39.4 53.1 0.003
  False 17.1 18.7 15.0  
  I don't know 37.7 41.9 31.9  
Many cancer cases could be avoided by giving up smoking Trae 92.2 90.2 95.0 0.065
  False 2.8 3.1 2.3  
  I don't know 5.0 6.7 2.7  
Many cancer cases could be avoided by eating more fruits and vegetables Trae 69.9 68.8 71.3 0.266
  False 7.5 8.9 5.4  
  I don't know 22.7 22.3 23.3  
Cancer diagnosis before symptoms can improve chances of survival Trae 88.2 88.5 87.7 0.476
  False 1.0 0.6 1.5  
  I don't know 10.8 10.9 10.7  
More than half of colorectal cancer cases survive five years after diagnosis Trae 44.7 45.3 43.8 0.759
  False 7.6 8.1 6.9  
  I don't know 47.7 46.6 49.2  
Intestinal polyps must be removed because they can become a cancer Trae 64.2 66.8 60.6 0.224
  False 2.6 2.8 2.3  
  I don't know 33.2 30.4 37.1  
Which of the following symptoms indicate a colorectal cancer Bloody stools 72.2 76.5 66.3 0.006
  Diarrhea-Constipation 42.9 48.5 35.2 0.001
  Abdominal pain 23.6 24.1 23.0 0.775
  Headache 8.8 8.0 10.0 0.475
  Fatigue 37.9 39.6 35.6 0.317
  Paleness 32.0 34.3 28.7 0.163
  Difficulty swallowing 13.8 13.9 13.8 1.000
  Weight loss 55.6 61.5 47.5 0.001
  Burning stomach 15.6 14.7 16.9 0.502
  Tenesmus 22.2 24.9 18.4 0.063
  Pain during defecation 36.2 37.1 34.9 0.612
  I don't know 20.9 17.2 26.1 0.009