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Table 4 Somatic and mental morbidity of cancer survivors and controls

From: Morbidity, life style and psychosocial situation in cancer survivors aged 60-69 years: results from The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (The HUNT-II Study)

Variables Survivors
(N = 334)
Controls
(N = 1,670)
p-value Effect
size
Self-rated health    <0.001* 0.26
   Good health 151 (46) 971 (59)   
   Poor health 178 (54) 687 (41)   
Functional impairment     
   Physical impairment 76 (23) 230 (13) <0.001* 0.26
   Mental impairment 14 (4) 62 (4) 0.62*  
Somatic diseases     
   Infarction, angina or stroke 44 (13) 223 (13) 0.85*  
   Diabetes 14 (4) 73 (4) 0.83*  
   Thyroid diseases 48 (14) 121 (7) 0.001* 0.23
   Osteoporosis 17 (5) 65 (4) 0.84*  
   Arthritis, arthrosis 80 (24) 408 (24) 0.34*  
   Musculo-skeletal diseases 54 (16) 207 (12) 0.07*  
   ≥1 comorbid disease(s) 169 (51) 809 (48) 0.99*  
Significant somatic symptoms     
   Muscular pain and stiffness affecting     
   activities of daily living last month 66 (20) 322 (19) 0.70*  
   Gastrointestinal symptoms last year 36 (11) 165 (10) 0.82*  
   Headache last year 76 (23) 428 (26) 0.19*  
Regular use of medication last year     
   Daily use of any medication 190 (57) 822 (49) 0.01* 0.16
   Analgesics 45 (14) 179 (11) 0.15*  
   Psychotropics 56 (17) 187 (11) 0.02* 0.17
   Antihypertensives 75 (23) 361 (22) 0.98*  
Mental variables     
HADS-Anxiety, mean (SD)a 4.8 (3.8) 4.0 (3.4) 0.001* 0.20
HADS-Anxiety caseness, N (%) 77 (25) 208 (13) <0.001* 0.31
HADS-Depression, mean (SD) a 4.2 (3.3) 4.1 (3.2) 0.41*  
HADS-Depression caseness, N (%) 47 (15) 230 (14) 0.73*  
Self-esteem score, mean (SD) 5.6 (1.9) 5.7 (1.6) 0.39*  
Sleeping problems, N (%) 89 (29) 385 (24) 0.35*  
Alcohol problems, N (%) 25 (8) 147 (8) 0.57*  
Lifestyle variables     
BMI, mean (SD) 27.6 (4.5) 27.4 (4.2) 0.84*  
Physical activity, N (%)    0.42*  
   Minimal 86 (31) 475 (34)   
   Moderate or more 188 (69) 930 (66)   
Daily smoker 64 (23) 308 (22) 0.49*  
Framingham risk score     
   Framingham sum score, mean (SD) 16.4 (2.9) 16.0 (2.9) 0.01 0.14
   Framingham risk >20%, N (%) 198 (58) 867 (52) 0.12  
  1. * Adjusted for age and sex a Non-parametric test