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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of 371 participants

From: The roles of herbal remedies in survival and quality of life among long-term breast cancer survivors - results of a prospective study

  Herbal remedy use  
  No
(n = 154)
Yes
(n = 217)
P valuea
Ethnicity    0.28
   White 136 (40.6%) 199 (59.4%)  
   Hispanic/Latino 18 (50.0%) 18 (50.0%)  
Age at diagnosis, years    0.40
   < 35 37 (35.9%) 66 (64.1%)  
   35-38 69 (43.4%) 90 (56.6%)  
   39-40 48 (44.0%) 61 (56.0%)  
Stage of cancer at diagnosis    0.14
   In situ 22 (43.1%) 29 (56.9%)  
   Invasive local 94 (45.2%) 114 (54.8%)  
   Invasive non-local 38 (33.9%) 74 (66.1%)  
Type of no-surgical treatment    
   No treatment 40 (45.5%) 48 (54.5%) 0.83
   Chemotherapy only 26 (41.9%) 36 (58.1%)  
   Radiation therapy only 26 (44.1%) 33 (55.9%)  
   Hormonal therapy only 5 (35.7%) 9 (64.3%)  
   Any combination of therapies 57 (38.5%) 91 (61.5%)  
Type of surgery    0.07
   Lumpectomy 39 (34.5%) 74 (65.5%)  
   Mastectomy 115 (44.6%) 143 (55.4%)  
Post-diagnosis cancer-related conditionsb    0.26
   None 98 (44.1%) 124 (55.9%)  
   1 cancer condition 35 (34.7%) 66 (65.3%)  
   ≥ 2 cancer conditions 21 (43.8%) 27 (56.2%)  
Comorbiditiesc    
   None 39 (62.9%) 23 (37.1%) 0.0005
   1 medication 47 (40.9%) 68 (59.1%)  
   ≥ 2 medications 68 (35.1%) 126 (64.9%)  
Interval between diagnosis and baseline interview, years    0.62
   10-11 42 (37.8%) 69 (62.2%)  
   12-13 55 (42.3%) 75 (57.7%)  
   ≥ 14 57 (43.9%) 73 (56.1%)  
Yearly income at baseline    0.02
   ≤ $30,000 18 (41.9%) 25 (58.1%)  
   $30,001-$60,000 39 (38.2%) 63 (61.8%)  
   $60,001-$100,000 32 (32.0%) 68 (68.0%)  
   > $100,000 65 (51.6%) 61 (48.4%)  
  1. a P value ascertained from Pearson's chi-square test.
  2. bPost-diagnosis cancer-related conditions: breast cancer recurrence or metastasis, contralateral breast cancer, cancer at another site, lymphedema.
  3. cComorbidities: cardiovascular diseases, respiratory problems, inflammatory conditions, musculoskeletal conditions, nervous system disorders, drug abuse.