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Table 5 Factors associated with diagnosis delay of breast cancer in Malaysian women

From: Diagnosis delay of breast cancer and its associated factors in Malaysian women

Associated factors   Frequency (%) Crude Odd
Ratioa
(95% CI)
Adjusted
Odd Ratiob
(95% CI)
P
valueb
   Non-delay
N = 179
Delay
N = 149
   
Alternative therapy No 122 (68.2) 66 (44.3) 1.00 1.00 0.029
  Yes 57 (31.8) 83 (55.7) 1.69 (1.33, 2.1) 1.77 (1.06, 2.94)  
Breast ulcer No 176 (98.3) 124 (83.2) 1.00 1.00 0.008
  Yes 3 (1.7) 25 (16.8) 2.16 (1.79, 2.60) 5.71 (1.59, 20.47)  
Palpable axillary lymph nodes No 148 (82.7) 93 (62.4) 1.00 1.00 0.008
  Yes 31 (17.3) 56 (37.6) 1.67 (1.33, 2.08) 2.19 (1.23, 3.90)  
False-negative diagnostic test No 169 (94.4) 122 (81.9) 1.00 1.00 <0.001
  Yes 10 (5.6) 27 (18.1) 1.74 (1.37, 2.21) 5.32 (2.32, 12.21)  
Interpret symptom as cancer Yes 87 (48.6) 56 (37.6) 1.00 1.00 0.044
  No 92 (51.4) 93 (62.4) 1.57 (1.01, 2.44) 1.68 (1.01, 2.78)  
Attitude toward treatment Positive 151 (84.4) 109 (73.2) 1.00 1.00 0.016
  Negative 28 (15.6) 40 (26.8) 1.98 (1.15, 3.40) 2.09 (1.15, 3.82)  
  1. aUnivariable logistic regression bMultiple logistic regression