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Table 3 Dietary intakes stratified by BRAF and K-ras mutation status.

From: Dietary, lifestyle and clinicopathological factors associated with BRAF and K-ras mutations arising in distinct subsets of colorectal cancers in the EPIC Norfolk study

  BRAFmutation K-rasmutation
Dietary factor Wildtype n= 156 Mutant n= 29 P Wildtype n= 144 Mutant n= 41 P
Meat       
   Red Meat (g/d) 37 (28.9) 40 (24.5) 0.60 38 (28.4) 33 (27.2) 0.31
   Processed Meat (g/d) 24 (19.7) 25 (14.3) 0.81 25 (18.7) 23 (19.8) 0.62
   Red + Processed Meat (g/d) 61 (37.1) 65 (28.5) 0.59 63 (35.9) 56 (35.4) 0.29
   White Meat (g/d) 21 (20.2) 17 (15.5) 0.29 17 (18.0) 30 (22.1) <0.001
   White Fish (g/d) 17 (15.7) 17 (26.5) 0.98 18 (19.3) 14 (10.7) 0.28
   Fatty Fish (g/d) 12 (20.0) 10 (12.1) 0.64 11 (17.5) 14 (23.4) 0.33
Fruit and vegetables       
   Fruit (g/d) 170 (133.1) 193 (170.9) 0.42 168 (143.0) 191 (125.8) 0.36
   Vegetables (g/d) 136 (68.3) 150 (70.9) 0.29 136 (66.6) 145 (76.1) 0.43
Fat       
   Total Fat (g/d) 71 (22.9) 71 (23.7) 1.00 71 (22.4) 75 (25.0) 0.32
   PUFA (g/d) 13 (5.3) 13 (5.7) 0.96 13 (5.1) 14 (6.2) 0.20
   MUFA (g/d) 25 (8.1) 24 (7.5) 0.77 24 (7.9) 26 (8.5) 0.29
   SFA (g/d) 27 (10.2) 28 (11.7) 0.84 27 (10.3) 28 (10.7) 0.59
Vitamins       
   B2[riboflavin] (mg/d) 2 (0.6) 2 (0.6) 0.95 2 (0.6) 2 (0.6) 0.67
   B3[niacin] (mg/d) 18 (5.5) 18 (6.7) 0.69 18 (5.9) 19 (4.7) 0.40
   B6[pyroxidine] (μg/d) 2 (0.6) 2 (0.6) 0.96 2 (0.6) 2 (0.6) 0.35
   B9[folate] (μg/d) 259 (71.9) 257 (73.8) 0.89 258 (73.4) 260 (67.7) 0.89
   B12 (μg/d) 6 (5.5) 5 (4.0) 0.40 6 (5.2) 6 (5.4) 0.96
   C (mg/d) 85 (48.7) 87 (38.8) 0.82 85 (45.5) 87 (53.4) 0.78
   D (μg/d) 3 (2.2) 4 (2.3) 0.69 3 (2.1) 4 (2.6) 0.53
Fibre and Macronutrients       
   Total Energy (MJ/d) 8 (2.1) 8 (1.8) 0.85 8 (2.1) 8 (2.0) 0.51
   Carbohydrate (g/d) 235 (68.2) 250 (58.5) 0.25 238 (68.6) 236 (60.9) 0.87
   Protein (g/d) 70 (15.1) 68 (14.8) 0.48 70 (15.4) 72 (13.6) 0.29
   NSP (g/d) 14 (5.0) 16 (7.4) 0.15 14 (5.8) 15 (4.1) 0.53
   Calcium (mg/d) 779 (235.9) 821 (220.5) 0.37 787 (239.8) 783 (212.7) 0.92
  1. P values determined by ANOVA. Results presented as [mean (± SD)]. PUFA: polyunsaturated fatty acid. MUFA: monounsaturated fatty acid. SFA: saturated fatty acid. NSP: non-starch polysaccharide. For one case for which mutational status had been determined no dietary data was available. Therefore, for all testing with dietary factors the number of combined cases in the wildtype and mutated groups available for analysis was 185.