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Table 3 Overall and breast cancer-specific survival in Hispanic women, 1988-2005, California.

From: The influence of nativity and neighborhoods on breast cancer stage at diagnosis and survival among California Hispanic women

Characteristic   Overall survival* Breast cancer-specific survival*
   Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
  Total No. HR (95% CI∞) HR (95% CI∞) HR (95% CI∞) HR (95% CI∞)
Nativity      
   US-born 18,330 Reference Reference Reference Reference
   Foreign-born 19,365 0.93 (0.90-0.96) 0.93 (0.90-0.97) 0.94 (0.90-0.99) 0.95 (0.90-1.00)
Stage at diagnosis      
   Local 19,190 Reference Reference Reference Reference
   Regional 13,564 2.17 (2.08-2.27) 2.18 (2.08-2.27) 3.35 (3.15-3.56) 3.35 (3.15-3.57)
   Distant 1,666 7.98 (7.42-8.58) 7.99 (7.43-8.59) 14.28 (13.05-15.62) 14.30 (13.07-15.64)
   Missing 3,275 2.57(2.33-2.83) 2.57 (2.33-2.83) 4.32 (3.83-4.87) 4.33 (3.84-4.88)
Neighborhood SES** (quintiles)      
   1 (lowest) 11,001 1.42 (1.33-1.52) 1.31 (1.20-1.43)
   2 8,993 1.29 (1.20-1.38)   1.19 (1.09-1.30)  
   3 7,481 1.20 (1.11-1.28)   1.10 (1.01-1.21)  
   4 5,894 1.05 (0.98-1.13)   0.99 (0.90-1.09)  
   5 (highest) 4,326 Reference   Reference  
Combined neighborhood SES and Hispanic enclave**      
   High SES, low enclave 11,780   Reference   Reference
   High SES, high enclave 5,921   1.07 (1.01-1.13)   1.03 (0.96-1.11)
   Low SES, low enclave 2,498   1.29 (1.19-1.39)   1.24 (1.12-1.37)
   Low SES, high enclave 17,496   1.26 (1.21-1.32)   1.22 (1.15-1.29)
  1. * Multivariable model adjusted for age at diagnosis, year of diagnosis, histology (ductal, lobular, mixed/other), ER status (positive, negative, other), grade (I, II, III, IV, unknown), first course of treatment (chemotherapy, radiation, surgery and hormone therapy) and the variables listed in the table.
  2. **Socioeconomic status (SES). Low SES includes quintiles 1 and 2; high SES includes quintiles 3, 4 and 5; low enclave includes quintiles 1, 2 and 3; high enclave includes quintiles 4 and 5.
  3. ∞Hazard ratios (HR) Confidence intervals (CI)
  4. Variable not included in model