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Table 2 Odds ratios* for regional/distant stage of breast cancer diagnosis (versus local) among Hispanic women, 1988-2005, California.

From: The influence of nativity and neighborhoods on breast cancer stage at diagnosis and survival among California Hispanic women

Characteristic   Model 1 Model 2
  Total No. ** Odds Ratio (95% CI∞) Odds Ratio (95% CI∞)
Nativity    
   US-born 17,034 Reference Reference
   Foreign-born 17,386 1.15 (1.10-1.20) 1.14 (1.09-1.20)
Age at diagnosis    
   <40 years 4,325 2.34 (2.16-2.53) 2.34 (2.16-2.54)
   40-49 years 8,848 1.77 (1.66-1.89) 1.77 (1.65-1.89)
   50-59 years 8,188 1.48 (1.38-1.58) 1.47 (1.38-1.58)
   60-69 years 6,721 1.14 (1.06-1.23) 1.14 (1.06-1.23)
   70+ years 6,338 Reference Reference
Neighborhood SES± (quintiles)    
   1 (lowest) 9,755 1.34 (1.24-1.45)
   2 8,220 1.21 (1.12-1.30)  
   3 6,928 1.11 (1.03-1.20)  
   4 5,485 1.08 (0.99-1.17)  
   5 (highest) 4,032 Reference  
Combined neighborhood SES± and Hispanic enclave#    
   High SES, low enclave 11,143 Reference
   High SES, high enclave 5,302   1.08 (1.01-1.15)
   Low SES, low enclave 2,414   1.12 (1.03-1.23)
   Low SES, high enclave 15,561   1.24 (1.18-1.30)
  1. * Multivariable model adjusted for year of diagnosis and the variables listed in the table.
  2. **There were 3,275 breast cancer cases excluded from stage analysis because they were missing information on stage at diagnosis.
  3. ∞Confidence intervals
  4. Variable not included in model
  5. ±Socioeconomic status
  6. # Low SES includes quintiles 1 and 2; high SES includes quintiles 3, 4 and 5; low enclave includes quintiles 1, 2 and 3; high enclave includes quintiles 4 and 5.