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Table 4 Patient outcome and survival

From: Esophageal cancer in the elderly: an analysis of the factors associated with treatment decisions and outcomes

  All patients (n = 282) Patients without visceral metastasis (n = 220) Patients with visceral metastasis (n = 62)
   Curative treatment (n = 151) BSC
(n = 69)
Palliative treatment (n = 30) BSC
(n = 32)
Overall survival (month, SD) 9.7 ± 1.0 17.8 ± 1.5 5.5 ± 2.0 * 6.7 ± 2.1 1.8 ± 0.4 **
Specific survival (month, SD) 11.5 ± 0.7 23.2 ± 5.3 6.1 ± 2.5 * 6.7 ± 2.1 1.8 ± 0.4 **
Deaths 206 (73.0%) 113 (74.8%) 42 (60.9%) 24 (80.0%) 27 (84.4%)
Causes of death      
cancer 181 (87.9%) 91 (80.5%) 40 (95.2%) 24 (100%) 26 (96.3%)
treatment 5 (2.4%) 3 (2.6%) 1 (2.4%) 0 1 (3.7%)
other 20 (9.7%) 19 (16.8%) 1 (2.4%) 0 0
  1. n: number of patients, SD: standard deviation, BSC: best supportive care, *: p < 0.05 curative treatment vs BSC, **: p < 0.05 palliative treatment vs BSC