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Table 6 Margin of Exposure (MOE) for ethyl carbamate in different exposure scenarios.

From: Cancer risk assessment of ethyl carbamate in alcoholic beverages from Brazil with special consideration to the spirits cachaça and tiquira

  Scenario 1 for cachaça all types without weighting Scenario 2 for cachaça all types with weighting Hypothetical scenario 3 for regulated cachaça (including regulated unrecorded cachaça)
EC exposure Mean Median 95th percentile Mean Median 95th percentile Mean Median 95th percentile
Beer 17340 17340 14450 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Wine 388374 543724 34854 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Cachaça 5085 10170 1442 4294 6901 1255 17567 12882 12882
Whisky 365000 486667 137736 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Rum 1545882 2190000 584000 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Vodka 1564286 2502857 736134 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Brandy 198190 343529 44808 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Other 931915 3981818 224615 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Tiquira 374359 509302 143607 (similar to scenario 1) (similar to scenario 1)
Unrecorded 2305 4171 664 (similar to scenario 1) 7964 5840 5840
Total alcohol 1421 2466 427 1352 2212 409 3913 3161 2559
Total plus other foods 1317 2168 417 1257 1969 400 3213 2688 2240
  1. Calculated with BMDL of 0.3 mg/kg bw/day (MOE = BMDL/Exposure).