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Table 4 Associations between level of distress (Distress Thermometer, DT) and problem list categories [16, 19], anxiety, depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HADS) [42], and level of care cancer patients and carers were triaged to (Tiered Model of Care) [37] by Cancer Council Helpline operators.

From: Feasibility of brief psychological distress screening by a community-based telephone helpline for cancer patients and carers

  Cancer Patient Carer
  DT score
<4
DT score
≥ 4
  DT score
<4
DT score
≥ 4
 
  n % n % p-value n % n % p-value
Problem List Category           
   Practical 15 18.8 37 26.2 0.21 3 27.3 26 25.2 0.883
   Family 4 5.0 23 16.3 0.01 3 27.3 28 27.2 1.003
   Emotional 25 31.3 89 63.1 <0.001 5 45.5 76 73.8 0.053
   Spiritual 1 1.3 2 1.4 0.923 0 0.0 2 1.9 0.643
   Treatment 24 30.0 58 41.1 0.10 4 36.4 23 22.3 0.303
   Symptoms 5 6.3 16 11.3 0.21 2 18.2 13 12.6 0.603
   Other 12 15.0 48 34.0 0.002 2 18.2 30 29.1 0.443
HADS: Anxiety 1,2      <0.001      0.0083
   Normal 59 73.8 48 34.0   8 72.7 33 32.0  
   Borderline 13 16.3 37 26.2       
   Clinical 8 10.0 56 39.7   3 27.3 70 68.0  
HADS: Depression 1,2      0.005      0.703
   Normal 64 80.0 83 58.9   8 72.7 69 67.0  
   Borderline 8 10.0 33 23.4       
   Clinical 8 10.0 25 17.7   3 27.3 34 33.0  
HADS cut-off      <0.001      0.13
   < 15 64 80.0 62 44.0   8 72.7 50 48.5  
   ≥ 15 16 20.0 79 56.0   3 27.3 53 51.5  
Level of Care Triaged to      <0.001      0.253
   Universal 35 46.7 23 16.9   3 30.0 18 18.8  
   Supportive 36 48.0 74 54.4   7 70.0 58 60.4  
   Extended-Acute 4 5.3 39 28.7   0 0.0 20 20.8  
  1. 1. Anxiety and Depression subscales: Normal = score of 0-7; Borderline = score of 8-10; Clinical = score of 11+.
  2. 2. Borderline and clinical categories have been collapsed for chi-square comparisons.
  3. Greater than 20% of cells have expected counts less than 5 and/or the minimum expected count is less than 1. Interpret with caution.