Epidemiology, prevention and public health

Section edited by Manami Inoue

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Research article

    Characterizing and prognosticating chronic lymphocytic leukemia in the elderly: prospective evaluation on 455 patients treated in the United States

    Median age at diagnosis of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is > 70 years. However, the majority of clinical trials do not reflect the demographics of CLL patients treated in the community. We ...

    Chadi Nabhan, Anthony Mato, Christopher R. Flowers, David L. Grinblatt, Nicole Lamanna, Mark A. Weiss, Matthew S. Davids, Arlene S. Swern, Shriya Bhushan, Kristen Sullivan, E. Dawn Flick, Pavel Kiselev and Jeff P. Sharman

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:198

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  2. Study protocol

    iCanADAPT Early protocol: randomised controlled trial (RCT) of clinician supervised transdiagnostic internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) for depression and/or anxiety in early stage cancer survivors -vs- treatment as usual

    This RCT with two parallel arms will evaluate the efficacy of an internet-delivered transdiagnostic cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) intervention for the treatment of clinical depression and/or anxiety in ...

    M. J. Murphy, J. M. Newby, P. Butow, L. Kirsten, K. Allison, S. Loughnan, M. A. Price, J. Shaw, H. Shepherd, J. Smith and G. Andrews

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:193

    Published on: 15 March 2017

  3. Study protocol

    Detection in blood of autoantibodies to tumour antigens as a case-finding method in lung cancer using the EarlyCDT®-Lung Test (ECLS): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer related death worldwide. The majority of cases are detected at a late stage when prognosis is poor. The EarlyCDT®-Lung Test detects autoantibodies to abnormal cel...

    F. M. Sullivan, Eoghan Farmer, Frances S. Mair, Shaun Treweek, Denise Kendrick, Cathy Jackson, Chris Robertson, Andrew Briggs, Colin McCowan, Laura Bedford, Ben Young, Kavita Vedhara, Stephanie Gallant, Roberta Littleford, John Robertson, Herb Sewell…

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:187

    Published on: 11 March 2017

  4. Research article

    A survey to determine usual care after cancer treatment within the United Kingdom national health service

    Approximately one third of cancer survivors in the United Kingdom face ongoing and debilitating psychological and physical symptoms related to poor quality of life. Very little is known about current post-canc...

    M. Duncan, J. Deane, P. D. White, D. Ridge, R. Roylance, A. Korszun, T. Chalder, K. S. Bhui, M. A. Thaha and L. Bourke

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:186

    Published on: 11 March 2017

  5. Research article

    Receiver operating characteristic analysis of prediction for gastric cancer development using serum pepsinogen and Helicobacter pylori antibody tests

    Chronic Helicobacter pylori infection plays a central role in the development of gastric cancer as shown by biological and epidemiological studies. The H. pylori antibody and serum pepsinogen (PG) tests have been...

    Chisato Hamashima, Shizuka Sasazuki, Manami Inoue and Shoichiro Tsugane

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:183

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  6. Research article

    Impact of a combined multimodal-aerobic and multimodal intervention compared to standard aerobic treatment in breast cancer survivors with chronic cancer-related fatigue - results of a three-armed pragmatic trial in a comprehensive cohort design

    Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and insomnia are major complaints in breast cancer survivors (BC). Aerobic training (AT), the standard therapy for CRF in BC, shows only minor to moderate treatment effects. Other ...

    Matthias Kröz, Marcus Reif, Augustina Glinz, Bettina Berger, Andreas Nikolaou, Roland Zerm, Benno Brinkhaus, Matthias Girke, Arndt Büssing and Christoph Gutenbrunner

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:166

    Published on: 2 March 2017

  7. Research article

    Life tables for global surveillance of cancer survival (the CONCORD programme): data sources and methods

    We set out to estimate net survival trends for 10 common cancers in 279 cancer registry populations in 67 countries around the world, as part of the CONCORD-2 study. Net survival can be interpreted as the prop...

    Devon Spika, Finian Bannon, Audrey Bonaventure, Laura M Woods, Rhea Harewood, Helena Carreira, Michel P Coleman and Claudia Allemani

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:159

    Published on: 27 February 2017

  8. Research article

    Do pre-diagnosis primary care consultation patterns explain deprivation-specific differences in net survival among women with breast cancer? An examination of individually-linked data from the UK West Midlands cancer registry, national screening programme and Clinical Practice Research Datalink

    In England and Wales breast cancer survival is higher among more affluent women. Our aim was to investigate the potential of pre-diagnostic factors for explaining deprivation-related differences in survival.

    M. Morris, L. M. Woods, K. Bhaskaran and B. Rachet

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:155

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  9. Research article

    The effects of exercise on pain, fatigue, insomnia, and health perceptions in patients with operable advanced stage rectal cancer prior to surgery: a pilot trial

    Promoting quality of life (QoL) is a key priority in cancer care. We investigated the hypothesis that, in comparison to usual care, exercise post-neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy/prior to surgical resection ...

    Jennifer Brunet, Shaunna Burke, Michael P.W. Grocott, Malcolm A. West and Sandy Jack

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:153

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  10. Research article

    Adipokines, insulin resistance, and adiposity as a predictors of metabolic syndrome in child survivors of lymphoma and acute lymphoblastic leukemia of a developing country

    There is a growing body of evidence indicating that pediatric survivors of cancer are at a greater risk of developing metabolic syndrome. This study evaluated some probable predictors of metabolic syndrome (MS...

    Lourdes Barbosa-Cortés, Mardia López-Alarcón, Juan Manuel Mejía-Aranguré, Miguel Klünder-Klünder, María del Carmen Rodríguez-Zepeda, Hugo Rivera-Márquez, Alan de la Vega-Martínez, Jorge Martin-Trejo, Juan Shum-Luis, Karina Solis-Labastida, Enrique López-Aguilar, Guadalupe Matute-González and Roberto Bernaldez-Rios

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:125

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  11. Research article

    Supporting adherence to oral anticancer agents: clinical practice and clues to improve care provided by physicians, nurse practitioners, nurses and pharmacists

    Healthcare provider (HCP) activities and attitudes towards patients strongly influence medication adherence. The aim of this study was to assess current clinical practices to support patients in adhering to tr...

    Lonneke Timmers, Christel C. L. M. Boons, Mathieu Verbrugghe, Bart J. F. van den Bemt, Ann Van Hecke and Jacqueline G. Hugtenburg

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:122

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  12. Research article

    Immunohistochemical determination of estrogen and progesterone receptors in breast cancer: relationship with clinicopathologic factors in 302 patients in Ivory Coast

    Breast cancer is a heterogeneous and a hormone-dependent disease. The detection of the estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) is crucial for prognostic evaluation and treatment choice of breast...

    Ahoua Benjamin Effi, Nguiessan Alphonse Aman, Baumaney Sylvanus Koui, Kouadio Donatien Koffi, Zie Cheick Traoré and Mohamed Kouyate

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:115

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  13. Study protocol

    Colorectal cancer surveillance in Hodgkin lymphoma survivors at increased risk of therapy-related colorectal cancer: study design

    Second primary malignancies are a major cause of excess morbidity and mortality in cancer survivors. Hodgkin lymphoma survivors who were treated with infradiaphragmatic radiotherapy and/or high-dose procarbazi...

    Lisanne S. Rigter, Manon C. W. Spaander, Leon M. Moons, Tanya M. Bisseling, Berthe M. P. Aleman, Jan Paul de Boer, Pieternella J. Lugtenburg, Cecile P. M. Janus, Eefke J. Petersen, Judith M. Roesink, John M. M. Raemaekers, Richard W. M. van der Maazen, Annemieke Cats, Eveline M. A. Bleiker, Petur Snaebjornsson, Beatriz Carvalho…

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:112

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  14. Study protocol

    Molecular stool testing as an alternative for surveillance colonoscopy: a cross-sectional cohort study

    As in many other European countries, a nationwide screening program for colorectal cancer (CRC) has recently been introduced in the Netherlands. As a side effect, such a screening program will inherently yield...

    Meta C. J. van Lanschot, Beatriz Carvalho, Veerle M. H. Coupé, Manon van Engeland, Evelien Dekker and Gerrit A. Meijer

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:116

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  15. Research article

    Improving adherence to colorectal cancer surveillance guidelines: results of a randomised controlled trial

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors are at increased risk of developing the disease again. Surveillance guidelines are aimed at maximising the early detection of recurring or new cancers and pre-cancerous polyps...

    Mariko Carey, Robert Sanson-Fisher, Finlay Macrae, Emilie Cameron, David Hill, Catherine D’Este and Christopher Doran

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:106

    Published on: 6 February 2017

  16. Study protocol

    Optitrain: a randomised controlled exercise trial for women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy

    Women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy suffer from a range of detrimental disease and treatment related side-effects. Exercise has shown to be able to counter some of these side-effects and improve p...

    Y. Wengström, K. A. Bolam, S. Mijwel, C. J. Sundberg, M. Backman, M. Browall, J. Norrbom and H. Rundqvist

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:100

    Published on: 6 February 2017

  17. Study protocol

    Implementing exercise in cancer care: study protocol to evaluate a community-based exercise program for people with cancer

    Clinical research has established the efficacy of exercise in reducing treatment-related side-effects and increasing wellbeing in people with cancer. Major oncology organisations have identified the importance...

    Prue Cormie, Stephanie Lamb, Robert U. Newton, Lani Valentine, Sandy McKiernan, Nigel Spry, David Joseph, Dennis R. Taaffe, Christopher M. Doran and Daniel A. Galvão

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:103

    Published on: 6 February 2017

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