Epidemiology, prevention and public health

Section edited by Manami Inoue

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Study protocol

    Development of a computer-tailored physical activity intervention for prostate and colorectal cancer patients and survivors: OncoActive

    Cancer and cancer treatment coincide with substantial negative physical, psychological and psychosocial problems. Physical activity (PA) can positively affect the negative effects of cancer and cancer treatmen...

    R. H. J. Golsteijn, C. Bolman, E. Volders, D. A. Peels, H. de Vries and L. Lechner

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:446

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  2. Study protocol

    Within-class differences in cancer risk for sulfonylurea treatments in patients with type 2 diabetes (ZODIAC-55) – a study protocol

    Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are at increased risk for developing cancer. As approximately 8% of the world’s population is living with T2D, even a slight increase in cancer risk could result in an enorm...

    Dennis Schrijnders, Geertruida H. de Bock, Sebastiaan T. Houweling, Kornelis J. J. van Hateren, Klaas H. Groenier, Jeffrey A. Johnson, Henk J. G. Bilo, Nanne Kleefstra and Gijs W. D. Landman

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:444

    Published on: 23 June 2017

  3. Research article

    HPV and cofactors for invasive cervical cancer in Morocco: a multicentre case-control study

    Limited national information is available in Morocco on the prevalence and distribution of HPV-sub-types of cervical cancer and the role of other risk factors. The aim was to determine the frequency of HPV-sub...

    Mohamed Berraho, Afaf Amarti-Riffi, Mohammed El-Mzibri, Rachid Bezad, Noureddine Benjaafar, Abdelatif Benideer, Noureddine Matar, Zinab Qmichou, Naima Abda, Mohammed Attaleb, Kaoutar Znati, Hind El Fatemi, Karima Bendahhou, Majdouline Obtel, Abdelhai Filali Adib, Simone Mathoulin-Pelissier…

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:435

    Published on: 20 June 2017

  4. Study protocol

    Personalised informed choice on evidence and controversy on mammography screening: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    In Italy women aged 50–69 are invited for a population-based breast cancer (BC) screening. Physicians, policy makers and patients associations agree on the need to inform women about the benefits and harms in ...

    Anna Roberto, Cinzia Colombo, Giulia Candiani, Livia Giordano, Paola Mantellini, Eugenio Paci, Roberto Satolli, Mario Valenza and Paola Mosconi

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:429

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  5. Study protocol

    A phase 2 randomized trial to evaluate the impact of a supervised exercise program on cardiotoxicity at 3 months in patients with HER2 overexpressing breast cancer undergoing adjuvant treatment by trastuzumab: design of the CARDAPAC study

    The overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) in breast cancer is a poor prognosis. Trastuzumab improves overall survival but is associated with cardiotoxicity, especially a decline in ...

    Quentin Jacquinot, Nathalie Meneveau, Marion Chatot, Franck Bonnetain, Bruno Degano, Malika Bouhaddi, Gilles Dumoulin, Dewi Vernerey, Xavier Pivot and Fabienne Mougin

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:425

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  6. Research article

    Breast cancer patient delay in Fukushima, Japan following the 2011 triple disaster: a long-term retrospective study

    Little information is available concerning how patient delay may be affected by mass disasters. The main objectives of the present study are to identify whether there was a post-disaster increase in the risk o...

    Akihiko Ozaki, Shuhei Nomura, Claire Leppold, Masaharu Tsubokura, Tetsuya Tanimoto, Takeru Yokota, Shigehira Saji, Toyoaki Sawano, Manabu Tsukada, Tomohiro Morita, Sae Ochi, Shigeaki Kato, Masahiro Kami, Tsuyoshi Nemoto, Yukio Kanazawa and Hiromichi Ohira

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:423

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Most children with cancer are not enrolled on a clinical trial in Canada: a population-based study

    Primary objective was to describe the proportion of children newly diagnosed with cancer enrolled on a therapeutic clinical trial. Secondary objectives were to describe reasons for non-enrollment and factors a...

    Jason D. Pole, Randy Barber, Rose-Émilie Bergeron, Anne Sophie Carret, David Dix, Ketan Kulkarni, Emilie Martineau, Alicia Randall, David Stammers, Caron Strahlendorf, Douglas R. Strother, Tony H. Truong and Lillian Sung

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:402

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  8. Research article

    Treatment patterns and real world clinical outcomes in ER+/HER2- post-menopausal metastatic breast cancer patients in the United States

    With several new therapies becoming available, treatment of metastatic breast cancer (mBC) is evolving. The objective of this study is to describe patient characteristics, treatment patterns and real-world cli...

    Giovanni Zanotti, Matthias Hunger, Julia J Perkins, Ruslan Horblyuk and Monique Martin

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:393

    Published on: 2 June 2017

  9. Research article

    After accounting for competing causes of death and more advanced stage, do Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples with cancer still have worse survival? A population-based cohort study in New South Wales

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia have been found to have poorer cancer survival than non-Aboriginal people. However, use of conventional relative survival analyses is limited due to a...

    Hanna E. Tervonen, Richard Walton, Hui You, Deborah Baker, David Roder, David Currow and Sanchia Aranda

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:398

    Published on: 2 June 2017

  10. Research article

    Calretinin as a blood-based biomarker for mesothelioma

    Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a deadly cancer mainly caused by previous exposure to asbestos. With a latency period up to 50 years the incidence of MM is still increasing, even in countries that banned asbest...

    Georg Johnen, Katarzyna Gawrych, Irina Raiko, Swaantje Casjens, Beate Pesch, Daniel G. Weber, Dirk Taeger, Martin Lehnert, Jens Kollmeier, Torsten Bauer, Arthur W. Musk, Bruce W. S. Robinson, Thomas Brüning and Jenette Creaney

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:386

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  11. Study protocol

    Understanding why cancer patients accept or turn down psycho-oncological support: a prospective observational study including patients’ and clinicians’ perspectives on communication about distress

    International standards prioritize introducing routine emotional distress screening in cancer care to accurately identify patients who most need psycho-oncological treatment, and ensure that patients can acces...

    Diana Zwahlen, Theresa Tondorf, Sacha Rothschild, Michael T. Koller, Christoph Rochlitz and Alexander Kiss

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:385

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  12. Research article

    Disparities of time trends and birth cohort effects on invasive breast cancer incidence in Shanghai and Hong Kong pre- and post-menopausal women

    Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer morbidity among Shanghai and Hong Kong women, which contributes to 20–25% of new female cancer incidents. This study aimed to describe the temporal trend of breast ...

    Feng Wang, Lap Ah Tse, Wing-cheong Chan, Carol Chi-hei Kwok, Siu-lan Leung, Cherry Wu, Oscar Wai-kong Mang, Roger Kai-cheong Ngan, Mengjie Li, Wai-cho Yu, Koon-ho Tsang, Sze-hong Law, Xiaoping Miao, Chunxiao Wu, Ying Zheng, Fan Wu…

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:362

    Published on: 23 May 2017

  13. Research article

    Anxiety and depression in working-age cancer survivors: a register-based study

    Anxiety and depression can be a long-term strain in cancer survivors. Little is known about the emotional situation of cancer survivors who have to deal with work- and family-related issues. The purpose of thi...

    Laura Inhestern, Volker Beierlein, Johanna Christine Bultmann, Birgit Möller, Georg Romer, Uwe Koch and Corinna Bergelt

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:347

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  14. Research article

    Cancer risks in a population-based study of 70,570 agricultural workers: results from the Canadian census health and Environment cohort (CanCHEC)

    Agricultural workers may be exposed to potential carcinogens including pesticides, sensitizing agents and solar radiation. Previous studies indicate increased risks of hematopoietic cancers and decreased risks...

    Linda Kachuri, M. Anne Harris, Jill S. MacLeod, Michael Tjepkema, Paul A. Peters and Paul A. Demers

    BMC Cancer 2017 17:343

    Published on: 19 May 2017

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